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Coffee Creation

This article first appeared in the 2/7/20 edition of the Davis Enterprise.

Coffee Creation

Roasted coffee beans. Photo by Mark Sweep, courtesy of Wikimedia Common.

Coffee Creation

 

By Sara Thompson

Special to the Enterprise

 

Many of us start each morning with a cup of coffee to get us through the day.  Coffee is one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world, with the U.S. importing more coffee than any other nation and is the leader of the consumer of coffee in the world.  Where does this drink come from?

 

Coffee starts as a seed of the Coffea plant, which grows in the warm, tropical areas surrounding the equator.  The two most common coffee varieties are Arabica and Robusta.  Both plants grow similarly, but the Robusta requires a slightly higher temperature to grow.  Both varieties of coffee tree require heavy rain early in growth, and less as the tree ripens.  The trees can grow between 15-30 ft height and produces a red or purple fruit, similar to a cherry.  Like most stone fruit, the coffee cherries have large seeds in the middle.  Coffee cherries have a paired seed, rounded on one side and flat on the other.  Coffee ‘beans’ are the seeds inside the coffee cherries, they are not, however, truly beans but are named so because of the resemblance.

 

When the coffee fruit is ripe it is picked off the trees and is gone through one of two methods for processing.  One method is to separate the flesh of the berry from the seed.  The seeds are soaked in water for a few days to soften the sticky pulp that surrounds the seeds and are then washed.  The other method is to lay the berries out in the sun to try for several weeks, being turned regularly to completely dry.

 

The caffeine in the seeds is a defense mechanism, helping to protect the seed from being eaten by insects and animals.  This defense mechanism is what human crave and need to get us through the day.  After the beans are dried and their pulp removed, they are packaged and sent to facilities to be roasted and used to make the coffee drink we all know and love.

 

Our educators don’t mind getting a cup of coffee when we travel to area schools to provide fun, hands-on science programs!  There is still time to reserve an Explorit program for your school!  Call us as (530) 756-0191 or go online at http://www.explorit.org/programs to find out more.

 

 

 

Explorit's coming events:

 

  • Visit our Light & Sound exhibit during our public hours on Wednesday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday from 1-5pm. Admission is $5 per person, free for ages 2 and under, Members, teachers, and ASTC.

 

  • Become a member of Explorit!  Membership grants you free visits to Explorit’s regular public hours, discounts on events, camps, and workshops, and gives you ASTC benefits.  For more information or to purchase or renew your membership visit www.explorit.org/join/membership-levels or call Explorit at 530-756-0191.

 

  • Come find Explorit at the following community events: Duck Days Saturday, February 22; Children’s Activity Faire Tuesday, February 25; and Women in STEM-Leap In, at Peregrine School Saturday, February 29.

 

  • Pi Day Celebration! Saturday, March 14 from 10am-5pm.  Admission is $6 for Members/$8 for Non-Members for a day of circle and pi fun! No passes.

 

  • Extended public hours: 1-5pm every day during the week of April 6-10.  Regular hours resume Saturday, April 11.

 

  • Enrollment still available for Explorit’s Nature Bowl team.  This is an afterschool science team from students grades 3-6.  Call (530) 756-0191 to register.  The $25 fee covers weekly meetings and a t-shirt.

 

 

 

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