Julius Arthur Nieuwland (Chemistry)
Birthday: 1878, Hansbeke, Belgium
Julius Nieuwland grew up in Indiana and studied at Notre Dame.
He taught botany there for 14 years but is famous for his work in acetylene
chemistry showing that acetylene can be converted to divinyl-acetylene, then
polymerized to a rubbery material. He worked with DuPont to develop neoprene in
1931 - the first commercially successful synthetic rubber.